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涉外英語合同的語言特色
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一、多用正式或法律上的用詞,比如:
At the request of Party B, Party A agrees to send technicians to assist Party B to install the equipment.
應乙方要求,甲方同意派遣技術人員幫助乙方安裝設備。 assist 較 help 正式;


The personnel shall not to partake in any political activities in Iraq.
所有人員不得參加伊拉克國內的任何政治活動。partake in 較 take part in 正式;


The Employer shall render correct technical guidance to the personnel.
雇主應該對有關人員給予正確技術指導。 render 較 give 正式;


Party A shall repatriate the patient to China and bear the cost of his passage to Guangzhou.
甲方應將病人遣返中國并負責其返回廣州的旅費。 repatriate 較 send back 正式;


This Contract shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of China.
本合同受中國法律管轄,并按中國法律解釋。construe 較 explain, interpret 正式;


The Employer may object to and require the Contractor to replace forthwith any of its authorized representatives who is incompetent.
雇主認為承包人委派的授權代表不合格時,可以反對并要求立即撤換。require較ask正式;公文體forthwith 較 at once 正式;


The Chairperson may convene an interim meeting based on a proposal made by one-third of the total number of directors.
董事長可以根據董事會過1/3董事的提議而召集臨時董事會議。convene, interim 都是正式用詞。


In case one party desires to sell or assign all or part of its investment subscribed, the other party shall have the preemptive right.
如一方想出售或轉讓其投資之全部或部分,另一方有優先購買權。法律用詞assign 較 transfer 正式.


In processing transactions, the manufacturers shall never have title either to the materials or the finished products.
加工貿易中,廠方無論是對原料還是成品都無所有權。 法律用詞title 較 ownership 正式.


The term "Effective date" means the date on which this Agreement is duly executed by the parties hereto.
“生效期”指雙方合同簽字的日子。 法律用詞execute 較 sign 正式.


與口頭表述不同,合同是法律性的正式書面文件,使用正式的、法律的用詞是必要的。合同起草者應多加強這方面的學習。

用詞方面(2)


二、多使用"here","there","where"等前綴:

hereafter = after this time; 今后
hereby = by means/reason of this; 特此
herein = in this; 此中,于此
hereinafter = later in this contract; 在下文
thereafter = afterwards; 此后,后來
thereby = by that means; 因此;由此;在那方面
therein = from that; 在那里;在那點上
thereinafter = later in the same contract; 以下;在下文
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